Deloitte’s Soccer Cash Analysis Shows Arsenal, Chelsea Failing to Exploit Their Sponsors

the club’s commercial revenue continues to lag behind its European peers and is a continued area of focus, which has recently prompted a major restructuring of its commercial department.And if you compare Chelsea and Liverpool’s sponsorship levels — Chelsea’s is lower even though it’s the bigger club — you can see that Deloitte also confirms my previous speculation that Chelsea vastly undervalues its brand.

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Last Updated Nov 27, 2010 3:45 PM EST

According to this year’s “Football Money League” report from Deloitte, some soccer clubs — Arsenal and Chelsea, specifically — are falling down on the job when it comes to pricing their exposure with sponsors. EPL m88 teams dominate the rest of the rankings, however, with seven of the 20 spots.

… Here’s the ranking by revenue, with the sponsor fees broken out:

At Arsenal, Deloitte agrees with my previous look at the club’s dim commercial achievements:

2010 CBS Interactive Inc.. The annual report ranks and analyzes international teams by their revenues, and breaks out sponsorship and advertising income.

Real Madrid is once again the richest team on the planet at 401.4 million in revenue:. All Rights Reserved. If you drill into the numbers and pull out the advertiser fees as a percentage of overall revenue, you find that there’s a broad correlation between being a rich club and having sponsor fees make up 30 percent or more of your revenue.

Club, sponsors, sponsor fees, % of revenues:

Real Madrid, Bwin, 139.2 million, 35%FC Barcelona, Etisalat and Betfair, 112 million, 31%Manchester United, Saudi Telecom, Hublot, AIG, 82.2 million, 25%Bayern Munich, T-Home/Deutsche Telekom, 159.3 million, 55%Arsenal, Emirates, 56.5 million, 21%Chelsea, Samsung, Thomas Cook and Etihad, 11.7 million, 26%Liverpool, Carlsberg, 79.5 million, 37%Juventus, New Holland Group, 54.3 million, 27%Inter Milan, Pirelli, 52.6 million, 27%AC Milan, Bwin, 64.1 million, 33%FC Barcelona’s sponsor income is much lower than it should be because its main shirt sponsorship is Unicef — the club is so rich it gives the organization money, not the other way around.

The big surprise is Bayern Munich, which struck a huge deal with T-Home even though it is in the lower profile German Bundesliga. At 55 percent sponsor revenue, the club shows just how much sponsors can be exploited if commercial chiefs are canny enough.

The other interesting news is that three of the top four teams are not members of the English Premier League, which is usually regarded as the richest league on the planet

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Liverpool Football Tickets – Getting Assured That You Catch All the Action

Getting confirmed Liverpool Football Club tickets for their matches is always of great reprieve for its fans, while missing the same could be equally painful and upsetting. When you are sure that you don’t want to give the Liverpool matches a miss book the tickets as soon an as you are sure of your plans. local and European league .live pool football club has written total 18 titles. The excitement is further intensified if you are there to catch all the actions live and cheer for your team. The Liverpool government has three layer parliaments i.e. Most of the hotels are situated in close proximity to the stadiums and a walk of few steps from your hotel can bring you there. Be there to cheer for the stars of Liverpool every time they do so and be a witness to the glorious game exhibited by the team Liverpool..

Liverpool is famous city of London and it is founded in 1207 and it has taken grand city in 1880. Population of Liverpool is 466,400 .Liverpool noted for rich heritage Building regarding the greatest western style of Europe. It has two premier leagues that one is Liverpool football club and second is Everton football 12bet club. Remember your presence counts and can strongly influence the outcome.

No moment could be more joyous than your team scoring a win against its opponent.

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o Book it from our website as we are one of the official booking sites and be assured of the best services and prices.

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Hurry up, without wasting a single minute further make a call to us or visit our website to book your Liverpool Football Club tickets today for the upcoming matches of Liverpool. It is fourth largest city of United Kingdom. If you don’t want that to happen to you make your plans in advance. If you want to catch your team taking up their arch rivals Manchester United and Everton, book your Liverpool Premier League tickets now.

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Barcelona Andres Iniesta Luis Suarez win at Athletic Bilbao

Follow him on Twitter @TomasESPN.

The ESPN FC crew react to outlandish rumours that Neymar is on his way to Manchester United. While his commitment and energy are unquestionable, it is perhaps time for Luis Enrique to realise that the Brazilian youngster may not be the ideal solution for the left wing.

DF Sergi Roberto, 8 — Substituted Alves early in the first half and, perhaps surprisingly, went on to become the Blaugranas’ standout player of the game. After a year to forget, the former Arsenal skipper will hope to build on his encouraging start in matches to come.

FW Luis Suarez, 8 — Ensured Barca walked away with the three points with a heartfelt volley that Athletic goalkeeper Gorka Iraizoz could do nothing about. As proved by their impressive focus and much-improved attacking drive as soon as the ball started rolling, the current domestic m88 league champions were determined to give the hosts a much tougher run for their money this time round.

DF Dani Alves, 6 — The new No. Reacted well by saving the shots Athletic had on target. Sergi Roberto was disciplined defensively and impressive when pushing forward. Players introduced after 70 minutes get no rating):

MF Andres Iniesta, 8 — Iniesta stepped up as the Catalans’ leader, ensuring the tempo didn’t drop so that Barcelona could create spaces within the hosts’ back line. Despite being the target of endless aggressive challenges from the initial whistle, the No. 6 was visibly distressed after an unfortunate clash with Aritz Aduriz, having to be substituted after just 18 minutes on the park. Did not have as much of the ball as he would have hoped for and became increasingly isolated as the match went on. His physicality and astute defending impeded the hosts from breaking through as freely as they did in the Super Cup.

Substitutes:

DF Marc Bartra, 6 — Substituted the injured Busquets after 68 minutes, slotting well at the heart of defence alongside the reborn Vermaelen.

FW Sandro Ramirez, NR — On for Rafinha after 82 minutes, provided much-needed energy from the Blaugranas’ left wing. Luis Suarez scored the goal for the Blaugrana, who enjoyed 66 percent of possession, created 10 goalscoring chances and attempted seven shots, four of them on target and one to the post. DF Javier Mascherano, 7 — Ensured Aduriz remained goalless, which is remarkable considering the striker’s recent record of four goals in their previous two meetings. 8 kept asking questions of his rivals by mixing accurate passing with constant attempts to beat markers one-on-one.

After being humbled by Athletic in the Spanish Super Cup, Andres Iniesta and Barcelona turned the tables on the Basques with a 1-0 win on Sunday.After being humbled by Athletic in the Spanish Super Cup, Andres Iniesta and Barcelona turned the tables on the Basques with a 1-0 win on Sunday.

MF Ivan Rakitic, 6 — While his passing was not as accurate and effective as Cules have been used to in recent times, the Croatian international worked tirelessly in order to dismantle the Basques’ defensive setup. Forced to start his trademark dribbling slaloms from deep, his runs became increasingly ineffective as the game developed. Always eager to split Athletic’s centre-halves with his clever runs into space in order to create spaces for others to exploit, his energy and decisiveness upfront kept the Catalans in the game.. Despite only just managing with the physical demands of such a high-tempo contest after a 10-day absence, he found enough energy to provide Suarez with an inch-perfect cross after 54 minutes which unbalanced the game in the visitors’ favour.

MF Sergio Busquets, 7 — Succeeded in containing the hosts from creating any clear chances until the moment in which he had to be substituted following Aduriz’s tackle. Did not get too involved, but contributed well with a couple of confident runs into space and when on the ball.

Francesc Tomas is a freelance Catalan columnist who writes for Barcablog.com, Weloba and ESPN FC. Let’s hope the Catalan recovers quickly as a player of his stature is little short of indispensable.

Luis Enrique’s men had a point to prove after suffering an embarrassing 5-1 aggregate defeat when the two historical sides met in the Spanish Super Cup. Although the Blaugrana were always bound to miss Pique’s finesse when building attacking transitions from the back line, the courageous Argentinean was faultless when in possession.

Player Ratings (1-10; 10=best. As a result, Alves joined fellow right-backs Adriano Correia and Douglas in Luis Enrique’s increasingly worrying injury list.

FW Rafinha, 5 — The La Masia graduate was included in the lineup in the absence of Neymar and the departed Pedro.

Barcelona achieved an ugly, yet valuable 1-0 victory against Athletic Bilbao at the San Mames in Week 1 of La Liga. If last season is anything to go by, expect the recent Copa America winner to remain Luis Enrique’s first choice in La Liga for the remainder of the competition.

DF Thomas Vermaelen, 8 — Preferred to Marc Bartra as a replacement to the banned Gerard Pique, the Belgian international impressed with his impeccable positioning and emerging leadership. To make matters even worse, he’ll be disappointed after missing his 14th penalty in 63 attempts for the Blaugrana.

After yet another high-tempo clash full of non-speculative football and countless borderline challenges, the champions will be delighted to walk away from the Basque Country with the three points under their belt thanks to a thundering volley by their ultra-competitive Uruguayan international.

GK Claudio Bravo, 7 — The Chilean international pipped Marc-Andre ter Stegen for the Catalans’ spot between the posts in their domestic league debut. Provided several fantastic crosses which his teammates should have converted. Full of confidence, wrapped up his best ever first team performance by smashing a long-range shot in Iraizoz’s crossbar.

FW Lionel Messi, 6 — Despite a couple of moments of brilliance, Messi generally struggled to hurt Athletic once again.

DF Jordi Alba, 7 — Returned to the starting XI after missing both the UEFA and Spanish Super Cups due to injury

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Famous Soccer Players from Spain

Their style of play is superstar-like, and the stars from this country are role models for millions of soccer fans all around the world. Iniesta scored the winning goal for Spain at the FIFA World Cup 2010, and was Man of the Match. Xavi has been part of the Spanish National team which won the FIFA World Cup 2010, Euro 2008, and Euro 2012. Carles Puyol was a vital part of the winning Spanish team in Euro 2008 and FIFA World Cup 2010.

Victor Valdes

Born: Mar 23, 1968

ClubsValencia (2004 – 2010) Eibar loan (2004 – 2005) Celta Vigo loan (2005 – 2006) Manchester City (2010 – present) National TeamU16 (2001 – 2002) U17 (2002 – 2003) U19 (2004 – 2005) U20 (2005) U21 (2004 – 2006) Spain (2006 – present)

Highlights

David Josu Jimnez Silva has been given the nickname ‘Merlin’ for his passing and ball possession skills.

Born: Dec 3, 1981

ClubsReal Madrid (1995 – 2010) Besiktas (2010 – 2011) National TeamU18 (1995) U21 (1996 – 1998) Spain (1999 – 2005)

Highlights

Jos Mara Gutirrez Hernndez was with Real Madrid for 1 decade, and helped them win 15 major trophies. Initially, he began as a striker, but then eventually settled down in the midfield, where he showed his class for the club and also the country.

ClubsReal Madrid (1999 – present) National Team U15 (1996) U16 (1996 – 1998) U17 (1997 – 1999) U18 (1999) U20 (1999) U21 (1999 – 2000) Spain (2000 – present)

Highlights

Iker Casillas Fernndez is the goalkeeper cum captain of Real Madrid and the Spanish National team. Under his leadership, Spain has won the FIFA World Cup 2010, Euro 2008, and Euro 2012. He played for Spain in 4 FIFA World Cups and 2 Euro Championships, besides his long stint with Real Madrid which lasted nearly 15 years.

Born: Mar 30, 1986

Position: Central Defender

Fernando Hierro

Position: Defensive Midfielder

Position: Goalkeeper

ClubsSporting Gijn (1989 – 1991) Real Madrid (1991 – 1996) Barcelona (1996 – 2004) National TeamU21 (1990 – 1991) U23 (1991 – 1992) Spain (1991 – 2002)

Highlights

Luis Enrique Martnez Garca was such a versatile soccer player, that throughout his career he played in m88 all positions besides the defense. He has been a part of Spain’s victories at FIFA 2010, Euro 2008, and Euro 2012. He is the only player to have won UEFA’s ‘Best Forward of the Year’ three times. Ironically, with so many great players in their ranks over the years, they failed to win a major tournament for so long. Ral has also been included in FIFA’s list of 100 greatest living footballers.

Position: Striker

Position: Attacking Midfielder

Born: May 11, 1984

ClubsAtltico Madrid (2001 – 2007) Liverpool (2007 – 2011) Chelsea (2011 – present) National Team U15 (2000) U16 (2001) U17 (2001) U18 (2002) U19 (2002) U21 (2002 – 2003) Spain (2003 – present)

Highlights

Fernando Jos Torres Sanz is known to be technically proficient, and having spectacular speed and positioning capabilities. In fact, he scored in Spain’s victories in the finals, both at Euro 2008 and Euro 2012.

Born: May 8, 1970

Position: Central Midfielder

Pepe Reina

Position: Midfielder / Striker

Born: Dec 13, 1984

ClubsValladolid (1987 – 1989) Real Madrid (1989 – 2003) Al Rayyan (2003 – 2004) Bolton Wanderers (2004 – 2005) National TeamU21 (1989 – 1990) Spain (1989 – 2002)

Highlights

Though Fernando Ruiz Hierro was more of a defensive midfielder, he had this great quality of combining his defensive play with some amazing passing and goal scoring ability. He was known to have great stamina, and was very tactical, versatile, and had great vision. Since 2008, Spain have managed to win 1 World Cup and 2 Euro Championships. He has been an integral part of the Spanish National team for over a decade, representing them in the FIFA World Cup 2006, FIFA World Cup 2010, Euro 2004, Euro 2008, and Euro 2012.

ClubsReal Madrid (1994 – 2010) Schalke 04 (2010 – 2012) Al Sadd (2012 – present) National TeamU18 (1994) U20 (1995) U21 (1995 – 1996) U23 (1996) Spain (1996 – 2006)

Highlights

Ral Gonzlez Blanco is the highest goal scorer for Real Madrid of all time, with 323 goals to his name. He was the top goal scorer at Euro 2008, and was also awarded the ‘Silver Boot’ at the FIFA World Cup 2010. Besides all the club success that he has enjoyed, David Silva has also been an important member of the Spanish National team that won the FIFA World Cup 2010, Euro 2008, and Euro 2012.

Spanish Armada

Spain’s recent domination of world soccer is so great, that it has managed to win Euro 2008, FIFA World Cup 2010, and Euro 2012, a feat unmatched by any country.Spain has a rich history of soccer. His transfer from Liverpool to Chelsea in 2011, for 50 million, made him the most expensive Spanish player ever. And it is without doubt that in the coming years, we will see many more greats emerge from this sporting nation.

Position: Defensive Midfielder

Sergio Busquets

Luis Enrique

Position: Center Back

ClubsVillarreal (2003 – 2006) Recreativo (2006 – 2007) Villarreal (2007 – 2011) Mlaga (2011 – 2012) Arsenal (2012 – present) National TeamU21 (2004 – 2006) Spain (2008 – present)

Highlights

Santiago ‘Santi’ Cazorla Gonzlez is known to play well on either flank due to his control, speed, and shooting accuracy. His 741 appearances is also the most by any player for the club. In fact, he was the Player of the Tournament at Euro 2008. But when they did, it was a sweet treble. Iker Casillas is the most capped player ever for the Spanish National team.

Xavi Hernndez

Lived: Jul 4, 1926 – Jul 7, 2014

Born: Jun 27, 1977

Marc Bartra

Alfredo di Stfano

All these famous soccer players from Spain have, with their talent and hard work, helped both, their country and clubs win at the highest levels. David Villa has also scored more World Cup goals than any other Spanish player.

ClubsAlavs (1980 – 1981) Athletic Bilbao (1981 – 1986) Barcelona (1986 – 1994) Valencia (1994 – 1998) National TeamU18 (1979 – 1980) U19 (1981) U21 (1979 – 1984) Spain (1985 – 1998)

Highlights

Andoni Zubizarreta held the record for the most games played for Spain till the end of 2011. He has been a part of the national team at the FIFA World Cup 2006, FIFA World Cup 2010, Euro 2004, Euro 2008, and Euro 2012. His goalkeeping skills were considered so good, that he was an integral part of the Spanish National team for 4 FIFA World Cups and 3 Euro Championships.

Position: Central Midfielder

ClubsReal Madrid (2004 – 2005) Deportivo La Corua (2006 – 2007) Liverpool (2007 – 2009) Real Madrid (2009 – present) National TeamU17 (2001) U19 (2001) U21 (2005) Spain (2008 – present)

Highlights

lvaro Arbeloa Coca plays in the defense, and is more than capable on playing both, on the right and left side at the back. Sergio Ramos has played for Spain in the FIFA World Cup 2006, FIFA World Cup 2010, Euro 2008, and Euro 2012.

Sergio Ramos

Alvaro Negredo

ClubsBarcelona (1999 – present) National TeamU18 (1995) U21 (2000) U23 (2000) Spain (2000 – present)

Highlights

Carles Puyol i Saforcada is well-known as a defender who is strong, explosive, and with the quickest reactions. Alfredo di Stfano was nicknamed ‘blond arrow’, and considered by most of the soccer greats as ‘the most complete footballer in the history of the game’.

Born: Jan 8, 1986

lvaro Arbeloa

Born: Nov 25, 1981

ClubsBarcelona (2008 – present) National TeamU21 (2008 – 2009) Spain (2009 – present)

Highlights

Sergio Busquets Burgos took less than a year to break into the ranks of the Spanish National team after making his professional debut. Over the last decade or so, some amazing players have come up into their ranks, which is why they are the side to beat at present.

There have been many famous Spanish football players over the decades, and here, we will check out those who stood out among the rest.

Born: Feb 2, 1987

Jordi Alba

Ral Gonzlez

Pep Guardiola

Position: Central Defender

ClubsRiver Plate (1945 – 1951) Huracn loan (1946) Millonarios (1951 – 1953) Real Madrid (1953 – 1964) RCD Espanyol (1964 – 1966) National TeamArgentina (1947) Colombia (1949) Spain (1957 – 1961)

Highlights

Alfredo Stfano di Stfano Laulh has the unique distinction of representing 3 different countriesArgentina, Colombia, and Spain. He has been lucky enough to play for Spain in 3 major tournaments, the FIFA World Cup 2010, Euro 2008, and Euro 2012, all of which they have won.

A few more notable mentions:

Emilio Butragueo

Position: Attacking Midfielder

Born: Apr 13, 1978

Position: Forward

ClubsReal Sociedad (1999 – 2004) Eibar loan (2000 – 2001) Liverpool (2004 – 2009) Real Madrid (2009 – present) National TeamU18 (2000) U21 (2002 – 2003) Spain (2003 – present)

Highlights

Xabier ‘Xabi’ Alonso Olano is well-known for his playmaking skills. He is also widely respected for his hardworking style and leadership qualities. He is considered to be one of the greatest midfielders and playmakers of our time. He is also feared for his sudden change of gameplay. Luis Enrique represented Spain in 3 FIFA World Cups and 1 Euro Championship.

Andrs Iniesta

Jesus Navas

David Silva

Born: Oct 23, 1961

Gerard Piqu

Born: May 20, 1981. In terms of awards, he is the most successful Spanish player ever.

Position: Striker

ClubsSevilla (2004 – 2005) Real Madrid (2005 – present) National TeamU17 (2002) U19 (2004) U21 (2004) Spain (2005 – present)

Highlights

Sergio Ramos Garca has been am important part of the defense of both, Real Madrid and the Spanish National team for nearly a decade. Also, in Euro 2012, he was chosen the Best Player of the Tournament.

Position: Striker

Mikel Arteta

Juan Mata

Born: Jan 25, 1980

Position: Full Back

Guti

Carles Puyol

Born: Mar 20, 1984

Cesc Fbregas

ClubsManchester United (2004 – 2008) Zaragoza loan (2006 – 2007) Barcelona (2008 – present) National TeamU16 (2002 – 2003) U17 (2004) U19 (2006) U20 (2007) U21 (2006 – 2008) Spain (2009 – present)

Highlights

Gerard Piqu i Bernabeu has been and is associated with the best clubs in the businessManchester United and Barcelona. He has been an important part of the defense of the Spanish National team, who are known to be very difficult to score against, and played in the FIFA 2010 World Cup and Euro 2012, which Spain won.

Position: Defensive Midfielder

ClubsArsenal (2003 – 2011) Barcelona (2011 – present) National TeamU16 (2002 – 2003) U17 (2003 – 2004) U20 (2005) U21 (2004 – 2005) Spain (2006 – present)

Highlights

Francesc ‘Cesc’ Fbregas Soler, besides playing as a central midfielder for his club and country, when required, also plays as a winger, attacking midfielder, and striker. Santi Cazorla has been part of the winning Spanish team at Euro 2008 and Euro 2012.

Born: Oct 31, 1976

Position: Goalkeeper

ClubsBarcelona (1998 – present) National TeamU17 (1997) U18 (1997 – 1998) U20 (1999) U21 (1998 – 2001) U23 (2000) Spain (2000 – present)

Highlights

Xavier Hernndez i Creus is the first player to ever represent FC Barcelona in 150 games. He won the ‘Golden Glove’ award at the FIFA World Cup 2010. He is famous for setting up the winning goal in the FIFA World Cup 2010 final, and as also been part of the Spanish National team in the FIFA World Cup 2006, Euro 2008, and Euro 2012.

Xabi Alonso

ClubsSporting Gijn (2001 – 2003) Zaragoza (2003 – 2005) Valencia (2005 – 2010) Barcelona (2010 – 2013) Atltico Madrid (2013 – present) National TeamU21 (2000 – 2003) Spain (2005 – present)

Highlights

David Villa Snchez is the first Spanish player to score 50 international goals, and is currently Spain’s top goal scorer of all time. Besides his position, he is known to play well on the right defense too. He has been a part of the team that won the FIFA World Cup 2010 and Euro 2012.

Press F5 to restart the slideshow.

Iker Casillas

Born: Jul 16, 1988

Position: Attacking Midfielder

Born: Jan 17, 1983

Born: May 4, 1987

Andoni Zubizarreta

Santi Cazorla

Position: Central Midfielder

Fernando Torres

David Villa

ClubsBarcelona (2002 – present) National TeamU15 (2000) U16 (2000 – 2001) U17 (2001) U19 (2001 – 2002) U20 (2003) U21 (2003 – 2006) Spain (2006 – present)

Highlights

Andrs Iniesta Lujn is known for his balance, ball control, and superb agility. He was also respected for his calmness and stamina

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Manchester United signs Angel Di Maria

I have thoroughly enjoyed my time in Spain and there were a lot of clubs interested in me, but United is the only club that I would have left Real Madrid for,” said Di Maria.

“Angel is a world-class midfielder but most importantly he is a team player. It’s difficult to have any quibbles with the signing of Di Maria. European champion

Benfica boy

(CNN) — Manchester United needs a miracle to win the m88 league title this year according to manager Louis van Gaal — so what better way to start off than with the arrival of an angel.

Angel Di Maria, the Argentina winger, completed his 59.7 million ($98.7m) move — a British transfer record — from Real Madrid Tuesday on a five-year deal, the club announced on its official website.

“I am absolutely delighted to be joining Manchester United. There is no doubting his immense natural talent,” Van Gaal said after clinching the signing.

“He is an excellent addition to the team.”

But on the day the 26-year-old arrived at Old Trafford, the club suffered an embarrassing exit from the English League Cup at MK Dons — thrashed 4-0 by the third flight side.

Goals from Will Grigg in either half and a late double from Benik Afobe saw an admittedly understrength United team humiliated.

The shock defeat comes after United failed to win either of its two Premier League games following a home defeat by Swansea and a draw at Sunderland.

The arrival of Di Maria is something of a coup for a club without the lure of Champions League football given the Argentine was recently described by his fellow countryman and Atletico Madrid coach Diego Simeone as Real Madrid’s “best player.”

He also starred for Argentina in its run to the World Cup final in Brazil, but missed the semifinal win over Van Gaal’s Netherlands and the final defeat to Germany due to a thigh injury.

However there are reservations over whether United should have used the money to improve other areas of the squad.

“I think he himself is an excellent signing,” Miguel Delaney, football writer for the Independent and the Blizzard told CNN.

“It remains staggering that Real are selling him, given he tied their formation together last season — but it sums up so much of the current United that a signing like that can still leave so many questions.

“He is now the club’s primary signing, yet it hasn’t addressed the two primary issues with the squad — central defense and central midfield.

“At the very least, he offers pace, and trickery, and will give the side some of the thrust it lacked against Sunderland.

“But United also needs players further back to offer that platform. You can, however, have quibbles with signing him without purchasing more necessary players.”

United endured a disastrous time last season as David Moyes, the man who replaced Alex Ferguson, was sacked just 10 months after taking over at Old Trafford.

The club finished seventh in the Premier League and missed out on qualifying for the Champions League for the first time since 1995.

Ryan Giggs took over the reins following Moyes’ exit in April before van Gaal was appointed in July.

United have brought in midfielder Ander Herrera from Athletic Bilbao, teenager Luke Shaw from Southampton and defender Marcos Rojo from Sporting Lisbon.

But Di Maria is the marquee signing — the winger who played such a key role for Argentina in the World Cup and Real Madrid’s Champions League triumph.

Real paid around $60 million for Di Maria in 2010 following the player’s successful time with Benfica in Portuguese football where he won the league title and the domestic cup on two occasions.

During his time in the Spanish capital, Di Maria became an important part of the side which won the Spanish league title in 2012.

He was also a key member of the team which won “La Decima” — Real’s 10th European Cup triumph with a dramatic victory over Atletico Madrid in the 2014 final.

But his chances of first team football with Carlo Ancelotti’s side have been limited since the arrival of James Rodriguez.

The Colombian, one of the stars of the World Cup in Brazil, joined the club last month in a deal worth a reported $121 million.

Real also completed the $34 million signing of Germany World Cup winner Toni Kroos in July as it bolstered its midfield options.

Di Maria will hope to make his United debut against Burnley on Saturday at Turf Moor, with Van Gaal hoping his team can hit back after its sorry start to the season.

The previous British transfer record was set by Chelsea in 2011 when they paid 50 million ($83m) to sign Fernando Torres from Liverpool.

Read: Why Chelsea will be Premier League champion

Read: United ahead of the field in new sponsorship strategy

Di Maria arrives at Manchester United

STORY HIGHLIGHTS

Manchester United has completed the signing of Angel Di MariaFee paid for Real Madrid star is British transfer record of 59.7 million ($98.7m) Chelsea’s 50m ($83m) signing of Fernando Torres was previous highest fee paid by British clubNEW: Man Utd loses English League Cup match 4-0 after Di Maria’s signingFollow us at @WorldSportCNN and like us on Facebook

Argentine ace

How do you solve a problem like Di Maria?

Don’t cry for me Argentina

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Luis Suarez admits to diving: Brendan Rodgers is suddenly enlightened

Diving is certainly a problem within the Premier League this season, but its not just the foreign sbo players, and British players are certainly guilty of it as much as anyone else.

File:Luis Suarez slide Liverpool vs Bolton 2011.jpg

So, he has now made himself look a bit silly, now that Luis Suarez has said himself that he has dived in the past. And if he dives to win a penalty at a weekend against Norwich City that proves crucial in the winning result, then its hard to see Rodgers complaining much about it.

And even if he did, then is he really angry with Suarez diving, or just that fact that the forward has admitted to it. But his manager Brendan Rodgers has been at length to defend his star striker in the past, so much so that he has previously stated that his man is not a diver.

Photo: Wikipedia Commons/Danny Molyneux

However, the trick to it is usually in the manner that the player goes to ground. Although, its fair that sometimes there is merely a collision between a defender and attacking player. But there is a school of thought that states that you have to use anything available to you to gain an advantage.

Follow James Kent on Twitter and Facebook.

Luis Suarezs admission to diving doesnt come as a major surprise to almost any fan of Premier League football. Rodgers has suggested that the striker will be dealt with internally by Liverpool, but what is a bit worrying is it is almost as if Rodgers had never considered that Suarez could be a diver before.. Although, referees are not always as good at detecting the difference between a dive and when a player has genuinely been fouled.

Nevertheless, there are certain players that are considered to be repeat offenders and Suarez is certainly one of those. Of course, he will talk about how diving is simply unacceptable, and he has let the whole club down. Suarez is one of those players who will always look to gain an advantage, and its hard to see that changing over this incident. Its fair to say that fans usually know when a player has dived to try and gain an advantage

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Barcelona gets favorable draw in Champions League groups

The top two in each group advance to the last-16 knockout round which begins in February.

. 9. Petersburg was grouped with Valencia, Lyon and Gent. 15 date back at PSV Eindhoven.

World football’s most coveted fun88 club competition set up many story lines for the 32 elite clubs, who will share 1.2 billion euros ($1.37 billion) in UEFA prize money over the next nine months.

Lionel Messi and Cristiano Ronaldo resume their duel for the all-time competition scoring record tied on 77 career goals, and Barcelona’s star forward seems favored to forge ahead.

Defending champion Barcelona will kick off at Roma and also play BATE Borisov and Bayer Leverkusen.

MONACO (AP) Barcelona got a favorable start to its title defense, Zlatan Ibrahimovic’s wish to go home was granted and Benfica was given the longest trip in Champions League history on Thursday.

The group-stage draw also means Bayern Munich play Arsenal for the third time in four seasons and sent Chelsea coach Jose Mourinho back to Porto where he won his first Champions League title.

Manchester United’s return after a one-year absence will be at Group B’s top-seeded club whose best player it bought in the offseason. on a Wednesday back home.

The group is completed by Galatasaray and Atletico Madrid, whose match in Astana will be a 4 p.m. 7 Memphis Depay can look forward to a Sept. Messi routed the German side with five goals in a 7-1 win when they met in the last-16 round in 2012.

Ronaldo and Real Madrid landed in a tougher group with Shakhtar Donetsk and Ibrahimovic’s current and first clubs, Paris Saint-Germain and Malmo.

”One day I hope to experience the Champions League in Malmo on the pitch. The champion of Belgium is the second club making its debut at the elite level.

The six rounds of group matches end on Dec. Tuesday start for fans in Spain.

Europe’s four highest-ranked leagues meet in the group of Juventus, Manchester City, Sevilla and Borussia Moenchengladbach.

”Serie A, the Premier League and the Bundesliga all in the most competitive, demanding and exciting group,” said Sevilla coach Unai Emery, whose team is the first to qualify by winning the previous season’s Europa League.

Chelsea’s Mourinho guided Porto to win the Champions League in 2004 immediately before starting his first spell at Stamford Bridge.

His quest to be the first coach to win Europe’s premier club title with three different clubs – after Porto and Inter Milan in 2010 – starts in a group with Dynamo Kiev and Maccabi Tel Aviv.

Though Man United landed with the lowest-ranked top-seeded club in PSV, the group has depth with CSKA Moscow and Wolfsburg.

Bayern eliminated Arsenal at the last-16 stage in 2013 and 2014, though the English club will expect to advance ahead of Olympiakos and Dinamo Zagreb.

”It’s nice, against Arsenal, that we’ll meet two old friends from the national team in Per Mertesacker and Mesut Ozil,” Bayern captain Philipp Lahm said.

With UEFA separating Russian and Ukrainian teams in the draw, top-seeded Zenit St. 25 when PSG plays at Malmo, which he left as a 19-year-old to join Ajax.

On the same day, Portugal champion Benfica will play at newcomer Astana – the further point east any club has played since the European Cup was rebranded the Champions League 23 years ago.

Benfica’s flight from Lisbon of around 6,100 kilometers (3,800 miles) across six time zones will mean kicking off in the Kazakhstan capital when it is 3 p.m. United’s new No. Congratulations!” the Sweden great had posted on Twitter after his boyhood club advanced through the playoff round on Wednesday.

Ibrahimovic will be 34 by Nov

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Bayern Munich open Bundesliga season with rout of Hamburg

He was needed more to prevent Philipp Lahm from overlapping down the Bayern right as the Bavarians inevitably sought to get the defence of their third straight Bundesliga crown off to a winning start.

Having been beaten 9-2 and 8-0 on their previous two visits to Munich, Hamburg were always going to be cautious on their latest trip, and Lewis Holtby’s first shot of the game in the fourth minute did not alter that.

Adler prevented worse by tipping David Alaba’s effort over, but even his full-stretch dive could not reach Costa’s curling effort in the closing stages as Bayern signalled their intent for the season in style on the Bundesliga’s opening night.

They found themselves up against a well-drilled Hamburg defence, though, and not even the invention of Costa and a more subdued Arjen Robben on the right could find a way through.

In the end it was a set-piece which saw Bayern take the lead, Benatia diverting Xabi Alonso’s free-kick past Rene Adler with his right shoulder in the 27th minute.

Muller added Bayern’s fourth shortly after, taking Lewandowski’s pass beyond Adler before cutting it back inside the near post, and it was starting to look like another night in Munich to forget in a rush for Hamburg.

Had Dennis Diekmeier been more precise with Hamburg’s next chance of the game – the first of the second half – the 12bet game might have opened up, but instead it was Bayern who continued their now habitual monologue, doubling their lead soon after through Lewandowski.

Hamburg, who avoided relegation via a play-off for the second season in a row in May, were in a different league to Pep Guardiola’s men and will be glad to return to north Germany having at least improved on their previous two games at the Allianz Arena.

Robert Lewandowski scored Bayern’s second goal of the night.

The floodgates did not open then, though, and Benatia was fortunate just a few minutes later not to pick up a second yellow card, which would have complicated matters for the record German champions.

The Pole was in the right place at the right time to tuck the ball into the bottom corner, with the aid of a deflection, after Matthias Ostrzolek’s headed clearance fell kindly for him.

No team has ever won four Bundesliga titles in a row, but after goals from Medhi Benatia and Robert Lewandowski were added to by a Thomas Muller brace and a Douglas Costa effort, Bayern made it clear they intend to become the first.

The same could be said of Muller for Bayern’s third, but his close-range header would not have been possible had it not been for the pace of Costa to keep the ball in down the right wing, and then deliver it perfectly with the outside of his left boot.

The FC crew weigh in on the odds for the top Bundesliga teams to claim the title, which sees Bayern as a massive favourite. ESPN FC’s Gab Marcotti assesses Bayern Munich’s 5-0 win over Hamburg, where he feels Medhi Benatia was arguably the man of the match.

Bayern Munich got their quest for a fourth straight Bundesliga title off to an emphatic start with a 5-0 win over Hamburg on Friday night.

The former Tottenham and Fulham midfielder is still waiting for his first Bundesliga goal for Hamburg and that was the only chance he was going to get on Friday night.

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Get ready for the best sports day of the year

ET (TNT)

Game 7. ET (NBC)

Between picks in the draft you can always flip over to Game 2 of this Eastern semifinal series, a clash between two familiar rivals. You can pay $90-$100, depending on your provider and whether you want standard or HD. Or you can watch it at a bar, such as Buffalo Wild Wings, which will charge you a cover of about $20.

Whatever you choose, the fight should be a potent nightcap to a historic smorgasbord of sports.

. ET (NBC)

No, you don’t need to watch all three hours of Derby programming. Here’s your lineup:

Day 3 of the NFL DraftNoon ET (ESPN)

Yes, Famous Jameis and Super Mariota will be long gone by Saturday’s third and final day, which showcases Rounds 4-7.

But the draft’s late rounds can still offer intrigue. ET (Showtime, pay-per-view)

Depending on how susceptible you are to hype, this is either the Fight of the Century or just a once-in-a-decade clash in Vegas between the two best boxers of their generation.

The televised undercard starts at 9 p.m.

Floyd Mayweather vs. Among the notable players drafted in Round 6 or later: Dwight Clark, Donald Driver, Richard Dent, Terrell Davis, Matt Hasselbeck, Shannon Sharpe and some guy named Tom Brady.

Then there’s always the question of who will be 2015′s “Mr. Irrelevant” — the final guy drafted.

NHL Playoffs: Washington Capitals vs. You can find a buddy who has ordered the fight and invite yourself over. Upstarts Chris Paul and Blake Griffin are trying to knock out the wily defending champs in the playoffs’ first round. They’re maybe the sweetest two words in m88 sports.

The Clippers won Thursday night in San Antonio to force a winner-take-all showdown in L.A.

The Caps won Game 1 Thursday night on a dramatic goal with 1.3 seconds — 1.3 seconds! — left in regulation.

It’s the teams’ fifth postseason meeting in the last seven years, and three of the last four series have gone seven games. ET (YES, NESN)

OK, time to give your remote a real workout.

This storied rivalry has lost a little luster in recent years, when one or both teams have been terrible.

But both clubs appear improved over last season, and it should be fun watching the ageless Big Papi and a reborn A-Rod taking aim at Fenway’s Green Monster.

Kentucky Derby4 p.m. The race itself doesn’t start until 6:34 p.m., and it only lasts two minutes.

But what a thrilling two minutes! If the race is close at the wire, this could be the highlight of the day. That’s 12 hours of sports bliss, butt-ache and Bud Light ads.

Some 15 million people alone are expected to watch the Kentucky Derby — the day’s most-viewed event — according to the Rukkus blog, which posted a breakdown of key stats for the big day.

Catching all the day’s top moments will require planning and some nimble channel-hopping. Los Angeles Clippers8 p.m. ET, although the main event isn’t expected to get underway until about 11:30.

As you know, you’ll need to pony up some extra cash for this one. New York Rangers12:30 p.m. Red Sox1:35 p.m. So the skates, and maybe even the fists, should be flying.

Yankees vs. Manny PacquiaoAbout 11:30 p.m. to watch the horses parade down the track.

American Pharoah is the early favorite.

WGC-Cadillac Match Play quarterfinals 7:30 p.m. ET (NBC)

Time to catch your breath, grab some dinner and watch a little golf.

After three days of pool play, this event heats up Saturday with 16 top golfers facing off in a single-elimination tournament from TPC Harding Park in San Francisco.

Tiger and Phil won’t be there, but plenty of big names will — among them Rory McIlroy, Bubba Watson and newly crowned Masters champ Jordan Spieth.

NBA playoffs: San Antonio Spurs vs.

Whew! It’s the greatest sports day of 2015 and arguably the most action-packed since at least November 1, 2009, which featured Game 4 of the World Series between the Philadelphia Phillies and New York Yankees, week 8 of the NFL, the opening weekend of the NBA season and a NASCAR race at Talladega.

You can flip on your TV at noon ET Saturday and have something momentous to watch continuously until at least midnight, if you have the stamina. Switch over about 6 p.m. Story highlightsSaturday, May 2, will be the most action-packed sports day of 2015Events include the NBA and NHL playoffs, Kentucky Derby and the Mayweather-Pacquiao fightThis Saturday is a sports fan’s dream — an all-you-can-watch TV buffet of big sporting events, from the NFL Draft to Red Sox-Yankees to the NBA and NHL playoffs to the Kentucky Derby to the long-anticipated Floyd Mayweather-Manny Pacquiao fight

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14 Bettors Picked Auburn To Win National Championship At 1,000-1 Odds At LVH Hotel Sports Book

“I wish we had opened them at 100-1, but we didn’t.”

It could be worse. That honor would belong to Virginia Commonwealth — a team that many felt didn’t even belong in the tournament — making it to the Final Four in 2011.

“We’re a player friendly book and are very aggressive with our futures odds,” Kornegay said. “Certainly we’re rooting for the Seminoles at this point but we have a month to adjust our money lines to make it a softer blow.”

That’s a payout of $50,000, though it’s not time to start counting the cash just yet. In the sports betting business it’s not just the customers who take all the risks.

It didn’t take long for Auburn supporters to notice, and put a few bucks on their team just for the sport of it.

“It makes no sense to have a nice little score sitting in front of you if you don’t collect anything,” Vaccaro said.

They’ve got the Tigers at 1,000-1 odds to win the national title — and they’re only one win in the BCS title game from collecting a windfall.

And for those looking for another future big payoff? The United States at 125-1 to win next year’s World Cup will surely draw some interest, but how about Iran or Honduras at 2,000-1 to win it all in Brazil?

“Being in the gambling world every once in a while you’re going to get in situations that might not be favorable for your property,” said Jay Kornegay, who runs the sports book at the LVH hotel in this gambling city. 6 game that will decide the final BCS title.

That has the bookmaker who sold the tickets a bit nervous, but maybe not as much as you might think. “There will be a bucket full of tickets on both those teams at those odds.”

The LVH had the longest odds for the Tigers, but other sports books took what looked to be sure money on Auburn, too. They were taken during the spring when Auburn had a new coach, was coming off a 3-9 record and the general consensus was that there were five or six teams in the SEC alone that were m88 better than the Tigers.

Somewhere out there — the best guess would be in Alabama — there are 14 anxious gamblers with more than just school pride riding on Auburn winning the national championship.

Betting on so-called “futures” has become increasingly popular in recent years in this gambling city, even though the long odds almost always favor the house. One Auburn bettor posted a picture of his betting slip from the Paris hotel-casino on Twitter showing a wager of $100 on the Tigers at 500-1 odds.

Longtime oddsmaker Jimmy Vaccaro of the South Point hotel-casino said that bettor — and any others holding big tickets on Auburn — would be wise to hedge their bets by finding the best price on Florida State and betting that side. The chance to win big money off a small bet is attractive to fans who root for their teams anyway and don’t mind risking a few bucks on bets that seldom pay off.

“It’s not like we’re going to have to raise price of our grilled cheese sandwiches,” Kornegay said. The LVH made Philadelphia 9,999-1 underdogs to win the NBA championship this season, only to see the 76ers beat defending champion Miami in their first game and open the season 3-0. They can tinker enough with the lines on the title game to draw money on Florida State and avoid taking too much of a bath.

Kornegay says all of the bets are relatively small, though they do add up when multiplied by 1,000. Since then, Philadelphia has reverted to form, losing 15 of 19.

“There’s definitely going to be tickets on both of those teams and not just a handful,” Kornegay said. The payoff won’t be nearly as big, but at least there will be a ticket to cash no matter who wins the game.

Like then, though, there’s no reason to feel sorry for the bookmakers at LVH. Florida State is favored by as much as 9 points in the Jan. Auburn could be the rare longshot that does, though the Tigers aren’t the biggest potential payday for bettors in recent years. “This is one of them.”

Vegas sports books had the Rams as high as 5,000-1 to win the national championship that year, and they came within two wins of doing just that for some lucky bettors.

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Playtech PLC Receives “Buy” Rating from Investec (PTEC)

Playtech PLC has a 52-week low of GBX 592.50 and a 52-week high of GBX 868.50. Playtech’s gaming applications, such as online casino, poker and other P2P games, bingo, mobile, live gaming, land-based kiosk networks, land-based terminal and m88 fixed-odds games are inter-compatible and can be incorporated as standalone applications, accessed and funded by the operators’ players through the same user account and managed by the operator by means of a single management interface. Analysts at Canaccord Genuity reiterated a restricted rating on shares of Playtech PLC in a research note on Friday, June 26th. In April 2013, William Hill PLC of UK acquired the remaining 29% stake in William Hill Online from its joint venture partner Playtech Ltd. In July 2013, the Company announced the bolt on acquisition of PokerStrategy.com Limited and subsidiaries from etruvian Holdings Limited.

. reiterated a buy rating and set a GBX 975 ($15.30) price target on shares of Playtech PLC in a research note on Tuesday, June 2nd. The firm currently has a GBX 900 ($14.12) price target on the stock.

Playtech plc, formerly Playtech Limited, is an online gaming software supplier. Finally, analysts at Deutsche Bank reiterated a buy rating and set a GBX 950 ($14.91) price target on shares of Playtech PLC in a research note on Tuesday, April 28th. Analysts at BNP Paribas reiterated an outperform rating and set a GBX 1,100 ($17.26) price target on shares of Playtech PLC in a research note on Tuesday, June 2nd. The stock’s 50-day moving average is GBX 828.20 and its 200-day moving average is GBX 760.52. One equities research analyst has rated the stock with a sell rating, one has given a hold rating and nine have given a buy rating to the company.

Playtech PLC (LON:PTEC) opened at 852.000 on Friday. The stock presently has an average rating of Buy and a consensus price target of GBX 852.71 ($13.38).

Investec reiterated their buy rating on shares of Playtech PLC (LON:PTEC) in a research report sent to investors on Friday morning, AnalystRatings.Net reports. The company’s market cap is £2.50 billion.

Receive News Ratings for Playtech PLC Daily – Enter your email address below to receive a concise daily summary of the latest news and analysts’ ratings for Playtech PLC and related companies with MarketBeat.com’s FREE daily email newsletter.

Other equities research analysts have also recently issued reports about the stock. Analysts at Goodbody Stockbrokers Ltd reiterated a buy rating on shares of Playtech PLC in a research note on Thursday, June 18th. The Company, along with its subsidiaries, develops unified software platforms for the online and land-based gambling industry, targeting online and land-based operators. Analysts at Citigroup Inc

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How to place your first football bet at a Las Vegas sportsbook like a pro – Las Vegas Sports Betting

Walk up to the betting window and tell the Ticket Writer that you would like to straight bet or just bet $110 on #466. Las Vegas runs on tips and good service should be rewarded. If the underdog Dolphins win outright, tie or lose by seven points (or less) the Dolphins are declared the winner for betting purposes and you lose. It can get you more drink tickets and even better service on your next visit.

Stop by the book, short for sportsbook, and pick up the current week’s odds sheet for the sport (in this example NFL football) you are interested in. Remember that IF your team wins AND covers the spread you will get back your original bet PLUS $10 for each $11 dollars bet. In this example you have selected #466 the Houston Texans. When straight betting or m88 betting the spread that team must cover the spread. The bottom or second team listed is always the home team and has the home field advantage.

Look at that point spread again. Good Luck.

Follow these step-by-step instructions and you will be ready to walk up to the sportsbook window and place your first football bet..

In Vegas for the weekend and you’d like to place a friendly wager on your favorite team but don’t know where (or how) to begin? Follow these simple step-by-step instructions and you’ll be able to walk up to the casino sportsbook window and place your first NFL or college football bet like a pro.

Or, find your team and bet numbers for the game, walk up to the window and tell the ticket writer that you would like to bet $110 on the OVER (or UNDER) in the Texans/Dolphins game #465/466. Remember that OVERTIME COUNTS when betting totals.

Now, go pick up your odds sheets, pick some winners and step up to the window. Good choice, the Texans are 7 1/2 point favorites. Or $37 to win $10 + your $37 bet. This is the moneyline. The point spread is always placed to the right of the team that is favored. For your $110 bet you would get $210 back when you cash your winning ticket after the game. You can bet the moneyline, that is bet the Texans to win by laying $370 to win $100 + your $370 bet. You can also view this information up above your head on the big, brightly lit boards, but it’s easier to grab a paper copy to study at your leisure.

Find the team that you are convinced will win. As above, CHECK YOUR TICKET FOR ACCURACY, thank the Ticket Writer and ask for a drink ticket and relax.

And finally, consider tipping the helpful Ticket Writer a dollar or two or ten. DO NOT LOSE YOUR TICKET. Or for the same rates, you can bet that the COMBINED score will be UNDER 43 points. The -7 1/2 under the line column indicates the Texans are 7 1/2 point favorites. Remember that teams that cover the point spread win. In this example, if you straight bet the Texans, they must win by EIGHT points or more in order for you to win your bet. You just spent (invested) $110, you deserve a free cocktail.

A few final notes. Ask the sportsbook staff about mailing and cashing your winning tickets from out of state. Look back at your sheet under the M/L column. Now find the corresponding bet number next to your team and circle it. The Texans are favorites, indicated by the (-) sign and the Dolphins are underdogs or ‘dogs’ indicated by the (+) sign. More on that in future articles.

What if you still like the Texans to win but heard about some key player injuries or weather changes or other factors that could affect the team’s performance on Sunday? You are still convinced they will win but not sure if they will win by MORE than a touchdown. Again, CHECK YOUR TICKET FOR ACCURACY, thank the Ticket Writer and ask for a drink ticket and enjoy the game.

Ready? Find your team and the bet number. Each sportsbook (or group of sportsbooks) have established minimum bets and maximum bets, ask the Ticket Writer about minimum bets if you’re a Low Roller or maximum bet limits if you are a High Roller.

Or, find your team and bet number and walk up to the window and tell the Ticket Writer that you would like to place a $37 moneyline bet on #466 the Houston Texans. ALL bets must be placed in person, but you do not need to be in Vegas to win or collect. You could just as easily bet $370 or $3700. See the 43 in the total column? If you believe that both teams are healthy, happy and the weather will be perfect and you KNOW this game will be a high scoring game OVER 43 combined points, you can bet $11 (or $110) to win $10 + your $11 (or $100 + your $110) back. The Texans are -370 and Dolphins +300. ALL bets must be placed BEFORE kickoff. It is customary to bet in increments of $11 ($22, $33, $55,…$1100, etc.) when straight betting/point spread betting. Notice that the Texans are the ‘bottom’ team of the two teams listed. Now, CHECK YOUR TICKET FOR ACCURACY and if you drink, ask for a drink ticket when you place your bet. Can you see why point spreads of 3, 7 and even 10 and 14 are extremely important? And to add to your stress, point spreads fluctuate up and down as the kick-off approaches. This is optional when placing your bets, but a tradition when cashing your winning tickets. You win if they win by any number of points. Or you could bet the Dolphins for $100 and win $300 + your $100 bet for a total of $400 back – IF the Dolphins win.

Another way you can bet on this game is to bet the total

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Horse Racing Systems: 5 That Work

Thanks for reading, and see you in the winner’s circle.

The horse with the best last race speed figure (whether Beyer, BRIS, or Equibase) may not be the best horse in the race, but he’s probably not far off, so we can use that as a proxy for selection purposes.

For instance, many speed figure handicappers reported making horse racing profits in the 60′s and 70′s simply by betting horses with the best last race speed figure. Let me let you in on a little secret about these “magic formulas”. This system takes advantage of one of the few glaring inefficiencies in the parimutuel pools, namely that first and second time starters are badly over-bet.

. They will, however increase the chances of a profitable day at the races by ensuring that your wager dollars go where they have the best chance of success. Horse Racing System #3 – In maiden claiming races, bet the horse with the best pedigree. My computer studies of pedigree, based on nearly 100,000 races, suggest that using pedigree in that manner offers no advantage to the player.

In the first place, the parimutuel takeout in horse racing is large (over 15%) and the mutuel pools are relatively efficient, so that even systems with a strong basis in reality can’t overcome the size of the takeout.

In fact, pedigree does not generally offer wager value with one curious exception: well bred horses do surprisingly well in maiden claiming races. My own studies have shown a similar advantage for the inside post in routes.

Instead of blindly betting all horses breaking from the inside, you might use this to supplement your handicapping, paying particular attention to the inside horse, and betting it when you like the horse on other handicapping grounds. The inside post combined with early speed is a particularly potent combination, since the horse will not have to exert himself as much to gain his preferred position at the front of the pack.

How do we identify the best pedigree, then? If you’re using the DRF past performances, use the stud fee as a proxy for quality, and the Tomlinson figure to judge suitability for the distance and surface. Because speed figures have gained in popularity over the years, anyone following that system now would have trouble coming up with gas money for the ride home from the track.

Second, the very nature of the parimutuel system itself means that any profits to be made from following a particular set of rules will quickly be arbitraged away as the followers of that system drive down the odds of horses chosen by the system.

Horse Racing System #2 – Bet horses that have an excuse for a poor performance in their last race. The horse with the best combination of the two is the play.

Horse Racing System #4 – Bet low-priced favorites to place. It should go without saying that you should actually like the favorite’s chances after evaluating the race with your own handicapping.

For as long as humans have bet on horse racing there have been system sellers trying to con the gullible into parting with their hard earned money with the lure of easy profits to be made on the sport of kings. In most case the public seems to take a horse’s last running line at face value. I’ve identified some of the most useful handicapping factors that have a proven history of doing much better than the track takeout and put them together with some simple rules that should make your trips to the racetrack more fun and profitable. This offers opportunity to more diligent players.

Horse Racing System #5 – Bet Horses breaking from the inside post in route races. With the BRIS pp’s you can use the Sire Production Factor in concert with the pedigree rating. None of them work.

However, just because systems won’t make you rich doesn’t mean there’s no place for them at all in a horseplayer’s arsenal. It must follow, therefore, that if we bet the best horse that has started at least twice, we stand an excellent chance of beating the takeout, particularly in races that have several first and second time starters.

This causes the favorite to be under bet in the place pool, leading to a profit opportunity for us to take advantage of by betting the favorite to place. My study suggests that’s not the case.

Looking for a dead simple horse racing system that will allow you to quit your job and make a living betting the horses in just 10 minutes a day? Good luck with that!

Nunamaker reported that the inside post in dirt route races won at a 20% greater than expected rate, and lost only 10 cents on the dollar, much better than the track take. One of the few anomalies turned up by Michael Nunamaker in his pioneering computer study “Modern Impact Values”, published in 1994, was that horses breaking from the inside post position in route races won more than their fair share of races, and were under-bet by the public. I was able to replicate this result in my own study of nearly 100,000 races conducted a decade later.

Look for comment lines like “bled”, “lost rider”, “clipped heels”, “stumbled”, “steadied”, “between horses”, “rank”, and “jumped shadows” that suggest that a horse’s last race was not indicative of its true ability. This is another mistake that bettors make: in a race with a clear standout, many people give up on the win pool and bet their choice to place, thinking that they’ll get paid even if the favorite wins.

None of these systems will make you rich, or even guarantee that you will make a profit. To the extent that most handicappers use pedigree at all, it’s usually to identify horses that may improve when switched to the turf, or those who may be expected to win as first time starters. Few bother to even look at the comment line for the race, let alone take the trouble to seek out and watch the replay of the race. Just don’t expect to quit your day job.

First time starters return only about 60 cents on the dollar, and second time starters are only a little better, returning less than 70 cents on the dollar. Most people who love horse racing would be thrilled just to win a little more and lose a little less on their trips to the track.

Horse Racing System #1 – In maiden races, bet the horse with the best last race speed figure that has had at least two career starts. If the tote board suggests that the public is overlooking these mitigating circumstances, make your play.

In that spirit. This is somewhat counter-intuitive since you’d expect that horses with good pedigrees that end up in the maiden claiming ranks probably can’t run at all. The inside post in turf routes actually showed a small profit, but this was based on a small sample size and cannot be relied upon

Will Trump Play his Cards Right?

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How to Bet Proposition Bets at a Sportsbook by RJ Bell

However, many sportsbooks also offer proposition bets (or props short) for gambling on non-team sports like golf, tennis, boxing and auto racing – including NASCAR – due to their growing popularity. The odds on a “field” bet are typically comparable to a bet on the favorite in order to protect sportsbooks from taking a big hit if a major upset occurs. The same holds true for major team sports like NFL and college football, NBA and college basketball and MLB baseball.

For non-team sports like golf, boxing, tennis and NASCAR, “Matchup Betting” offers an alternative to simply betting on the event’s winner. Unlike team sports such as football, non-team sports also have multiple events over the course of a year, so “Betting to Win” obviously happens much more frequently than a once a year NFL futures bet on the Super Bowl winner does. Since golf and NASCAR both have pre-qualifying, not everybody makes the cut to the final day of competition, and these group matchups require all individuals to qualify in order to be eligible for action. In exchange for a lesser payout, field bettors gain the advantages of having more than one entrant that can win for them.

Furthermore, a tennis match would be considered a tournament-style head-to-head matchup since the competitors involved directly play against each other in the event.

An example with team sports would be NFL futures, where you often can get much higher odds on a team by betting before the season starts. The two main ways of wagering on non-team sports are “Betting to Win” an event and “Matchup Betting” which pits an individual against another individual or a group of individuals. These are not fixed and are adjusted by sportsbooks several times leading up to the event and are sometimes released months before an event.

Here’s how the money line would be listed: Serena Williams -400 / #102 Ranked Opponent +360.

Every $400 bet on Serena nets a $100 profit if she wins (plus the return of the $400 risked). If her opponent pulls off the upset, $100 bet on the underdog would profit $360 (plus the return of the $100 risked).

For example, if Serena Williams faced an overmatched opponent in the U.S.

Proposition bets for non-team sports are not limited to “Betting to Win” an event and “Matchup Betting” but those are the primary ways to wager on them.

As you can see, there’s much more to betting than simply totals and sides, especially when it comes to gambling on non-team sports.

RJ Bell

©Pregame.com 2006

Website: http://www.Pregame.com

Contributed by:

Matchup Betting

The main advantage of futures is that you can get appealing odds by betting far in advance of when the event takes place. For example, you can bet on:

What will be the exact margin of victory

What player will score the game’s first touchdown

“Betting to Win” an outcome event like The Masters is the most common way to wager on individuals competing for a particular non-team title. “Matchup Betting” generally involves an individual going up against another individual in a head-to-head event, such as a tennis match, and the odds are determined using the money line.

What team will win the coin toss

Betting to Win

Group matchups are another way “matchup betting” is used which is particularly popular in golf and auto racing events like NASCAR, where you can select whether a leading competitor or a few other lesser competitors will finisher higher amongst the group, with the odds again based on money lines. For example, betting on the 2006 Masters golf tournament now might get you much better value on Tiger Woods, who may be 10/1 at this moment but dip to 6/1 closer to the event if he is on a roll. So be aware of all your wagering options and don’t miss out on the excitement non-team sports have to offer with prop betting!

Before every major event in non-team sports like golf, tennis and auto racing, futures are set by oddsmakers. A NFL future bet on a team to win the Super Bowl might be 20/1 in the preseason; but by midseason, their odds might decrease to 10/1 if they turn out to be legitimate championship contenders. . An artificial head-to-head matchup involves competitors in an event like a golf tournament or auto race who are indirectly competing against each other since in reality they are competing against everybody in the field, not just one other competitor. Open tennis tournament, a reasonable money line would require Serena bettors to risk $400 to win $100 while a $100 bet on her opponent would win $360. For more information on how this works, be sure to check out How to Read the Money Line. These artificial matchups are also fake in the sense that bookmakers are the ones creating them – solely for betting purposes – and different books will often offer different matchups.

It is very important to note that not all the competitors in an event may be listed, so another betting option is on the “field” which includes all other competitors not listed. The Imperial Palace Casino’s sportsbook is well-known for the enormous number of prop bets offered. Betting sides and totals on major sports like baseball, basketball and football are the most common wagers available everywhere. Props, also known as exotic wagers, are also extremely popular on high-profile team sporting events like the Super Bowl in Las Vegas . Other examples of props for non-team sports include what racing team will finish highest in a particular NASCAR race (Chevy, Ford or Dodge) or how many rounds will the fight between Mike Tyson and Kevin McBride last (Over/Under 8.5 rounds)

AIDS Patient Zero – InfoBarrel

AIDS now had a face.

Author’s note

Larry Kramer was actively and aggressively involved with what was then known as “gay cancer” in the early 1980s when the disease first made its poisonous presence visibly known in the United States as “gay cancer”. 

He wrote myriad articles on the subject and penned a stage play, “A Normal Heart”, that did well.  In May 2014, this stage play was brought to the small screen.  It was presented as a movie on HBO starring Jim Parsons (of “Big Bang Theory” TV fame).  The story documented the earliest days of the AIDS epidemic in America told from the perspective of the New York City/Fire Island cohort.  It is engaging: it is what TV can do (but usually fails to do except in rare cases like this one).

Almost any medical professional worth his or her license, whenever a patient dies of a strange ailment, takes the precaution of preserving tissue and blood samples for future research.  It is extremely fortunate that some doctors going all the way back to the late 1950s had been so far-sighted.  Working backward and re-examining suspicious or otherwise unresolved deaths from contagion globally proved enriching in piecing together the history of AIDS. 

Mr. Kramer was a writer in New York and a part of the gay culture.  He, however, decided that merely watching his friends die quietly wasn’t enough. 

Tracing backward from Haiti (the source of the US strain in 1966) put the disease firmly in Central Africa.   The swelling in his legs was bothersome, his genitals and legs were covered in scrofulous skin, and his testicles were severely swollen.  He was also emaciated (having lost much weight suddenly), and even though he was an African-American male he was considered “pale”.  He also had shortness of breath.  His symptoms led his caregivers at Barnes Hospital to conclude that one of his problems was lymphedema (a swelling caused by lymphatic problems).  This was only a tiny part of his health issues, however.

The term “velvet rope” came into existence then – a red velvet rope (as one might see in a museum keeping patrons at a safe distance from a particularly priceless exhibit) became the literal and symbolic barrier between the plebes on the street and the hipsters within.  Each night crowds gathered outside Studio 54′s doors; admission was granted whimsically by a group of door men and many times by Steve Rubell himself. 

A year earlier, a Portuguese man known only as Senhor José died under mysterious circumstances.  He was treated at the London Hospital for Tropical Diseases to no effect.  In later years, examination of preserved tissues verified he died of AIDS; the causative virus, HIV-2 was present, making him the first known confirmed victim.  Genetic research on the virus indicated he probably contracted the disease in 1966 in Guinea-Bissau (on the northwest coast of Africa).  Three gay men in California and six Haitian immigrants to the United States were later confirmed as AIDS victims from that same year.

The commercial airlines recognized the goldmine presented by hiring female “stewardesses”.  Certainly, they were paid less.  There was also marketability in women that men did not have – women could be hawked by an airline as possible sex partners for the discriminating male traveler choosing its service over another.

Anal scarring also indicated repeated sexual penetration.

In his wake, one of the unfortunate legacies he left was a renewed homophobia relative to male flight attendants.  They became a lightning rod for America’s fear and anger over AIDS and its links with homosexuality.  “Patient Zero”, Gaëtan Dugas, was reviled; in death he was even accused of bringing HIV to North America and spreading it around the country.

He had a chlamydia infection (a bacterial venereal disease), clearly indicating he was sexually active.  His doctors also uncovered evidence of the herpes simplex virus and the virus responsible for Epstein-Barr.  Robert Rayford was not terribly forthcoming with his doctors, partly due to his retardation leaving him mostly uncommunicative, but also because he was embarrassed by something.

Molecular research shows the AIDS epidemic of the 1980s stemmed from a viral strain that had entered the US via Haiti about 1966.  Other strains have been isolated as well.  As in cases like Robert Rayford’s, the disease died with him (though he probably infected others, those people likely did not have access to the sheer number of sexual partners that, for example, Gaëtan Dugas had, and died before spreading it much). 

False Positive

Gaëtan Dugas fit right in with the gay community of the bath houses.  He was blond, voluble, and open.  Sex for him was a series of anonymous engagements, many times conducted hastily in bathroom stalls.  He took on whatever he felt like.  As well as many other men, he was developing what would become known as “The Clone Look”: close-cropped hair, largish but well-groomed mustache, muscle shirts, short shorts.  [The quintessential version of "The Clone Look" would be Freddie Mercury (rock band Queen's lead vocalist who died of AIDS) after about 1981.] 

Dugas, meanwhile, knew he was sick.  He didn’t know exactly what was wrong, but he had developed the skin lesions, associated with “gay cancer”.  But one can’t spread cancer, of course, because cancer isn’t contagious.  He indiscriminately continued having sex with men as his whims overtook him.  His “advantage” was his mobility – as a flight attendant, he might be in any part of the US, Canada, or the world on a moment’s notice.  His bitterness about having gay cancer crossed over into his lackadaisical attitude about possibly harming others.

Ground Zero

And the real Patient Zero – the HIV-Adam or HIV-Eve – lived and most likely died there, somewhere in the Congo, unknown and unrecognized for the catastrophic role he or she would play in human history. 

Years later, once medical science, and particularly genetics testing, had reached a greater level of technological advance, a revision of the “Patient Zero” findings of 1984 seemed necessary.  What was learned by later research was both fascinating and horrific simultaneously.  It turned out, HIV had not only been in the world for over a century, but it had been in the United States as early as 1966. 

By the 1950s, this homophobia was rampant, and in the conservative times of Eisenhower and McCarthyism, men were slowly pushed out of the steward jobs.

Noe’s condition stabilized, but then flared up again in 1975 (coincidentally the same year a strange disorder called “slim disease” was reported in Africa for the first time, the beginnings of epidemic AIDS).  In addition to the respiratory condition and joint pains he developed motor skill problems and dementia before he died. 

The dubious distinction of being America’s “Patient Zero” – the first documented and verifiable case of AIDS in the country – belongs not to Dugas but to a mildly mentally retarded black teenager named Robert Rayford (born ca. Louis City Hospital, then transferred to Barnes Hospital (now Barnes-Jewish Hospital) in St. Doctors, helpless to find the cause of death for the Noe family, preserved some tissue samples.  In 1988, further testing showed Noe, his wife, and his daughter had all been HIV-positive

The criteria for entry were pure sadism: one night only women might be allowed in; other times, a sloppily dressed man might be sent away while another, looking exactly like that man but “famous”, would be let in.  Gay-themed parties were held there often, and casual sex in the bathrooms and the “exclusive” privacy lounge was common among attendees.

As further incentive to not hire men as flight attendants, the death of a gay steward in 1954 became a scandal sufficiently great to lead to a rash of “fag bashings” (both gay men and lesbians were targeted) in Miami, Florida.  It was one of the nation’s worst anti-gay outbreaks in history. 

Certainly, the African-American teenager Robert Rayford (who had never been outside the city of his birth) was not Patient Zero, either – somebody had to give it to him in the first place.

***

Concern for dying gay men was not paramount on America’s mind.  As more cases of the mysterious killer emerged, the name was changed from “gay cancer” to “gay-related immune deficiency” (GRID).  This, at least, was an open recognition that whatever was causing the disease was compromising a body’s immune system.  It didn’t explain, however, the rather esoteric choice of gay men (and soon discovered, IV drug users) by an unintelligent, non-sentient pathogen as victims.  It wasn’t until the first heterosexual cases of “gay cancer” emerged that the disease was examined more closely.

Update note:Dr. . . Memory Elvin-Lewis, thank you so much for not only your contributions to science but to my humble efforts at disseminating it for general readership.  I truly appreciate it.

“I’m Candy – Fly Me!”

Both his wife and daughter developed an illness that mimicked his symptoms, and they died in 1977. It was so unusual at the time . . Louis. 

Dating America’s exposure to AIDS is irrelevant: AIDS is a global problem.  And continuing research has led to many more interesting facts about the spread of HIV.

Gaëtan Dugas, the narcissistic and embittered flight attendant, alternately feeling morose and spiteful about his condition, was given the code name “Patient Zero”, the source of the AIDS epidemic in North America. 

The Road to Zero

Rayford lived in a brownstone in a poor neighborhood in St. It existed as “slim disease”; the condition was universally ignored though many Africans died after mysteriously wasting away.  In 1959, about the time the Manhattan Jamaican shipping clerk died of his rare pneumonia, a blood sample from a Congolese man was taken and preserved.  Years later, this proved to be HIV-infected.  This Congolese man’s fate is unknown (whether he developed full-blown AIDS and died from it or not).  Similarly, a preserved lymph-node biopsy specimen taken from a Congolese woman in 1960 later proved to be HIV-positive.

Because of the baffling nature of his case, doctors preserved several tissue and blood samples for later evaluation.  In 1987, eighteen years after his death, molecular biologists at New Orleans’ Tulane University tested specimens of Rayford’s preserved blood and tissues.  Their findings were stunning: a virus “closely related or identical to” HIV-1 was detected.  Further confirmation testing in 1989  proved Robert Rayford (African-American teenage male of St. Louis, Missouri) was the earliest confirmed victim of AIDS in North America.

He led doctors to believe any of his sexual activities were strictly heterosexual, even claiming at one point to having a girlfriend (who failed to surface at the time).  [This female was found some time later and was found to be in perfect health, relative to HIV and AIDS, from which one can only surmise she and Rayford had no intimate sexual intercourse or such activities were rare enough she was not exposed to critical levels by whatever ailed him.]

Before Robert Rayford in the US, there was a possible case found in a dead Jamaican native named Ardouin Antonio.  He came to the US in 1927.  He was working as a shipping clerk for a clothier when he died at age 49 on June 28, 1959, in Manhattan.  He had developed a very rare kind of pneumonia, seemingly out of the blue.  Decades later the doctor who had performed Antonio’s autopsy was asked to re-evaluate the case.  Did he think Antonio possibly died of AIDS?  “You bet . Memory Elvin-Lewis was kind enough to respond to this piece in person.

The discrimination in the labor market meant the United States Supreme Court had to step in and force airlines to hire male flight attendants.  This happened in 1971 after nearly 20 years of female-dominated service.  Even then, the Court’s decision forcing US airlines to hire men was greeted with derision in the press.  It also raised homophobic fears of placing men in such a servile and sexualized role. Louis, Missouri.  His mother’s name was Constance Rayford, and he had a brother named George.  Rayford was described as slender.  His retardation left him relatively uncommunicative from shyness. 

By April of 1982, 248 cases of the disease were reported nationwide with many others too afraid or indifferent to see a doctor.  A virus was isolated in 1983 by French scientists (as Europeans were also recognizing and treating patients with “gay cancer”, many of whom were decidedly not gay). 

Gaëtan Dugas died in Quebec City, Quebec, Canada, on March 30, 1984, at the age of 31.  His cause of death was kidney-failure brought on by his weakened condition from an onslaught of infections and ailments from AIDS.

A strange disease lurked among the gay denizens and creepers of the bath houses, though.  Men began dying of pneumonia and other respiratory illnesses, but only after drastically losing weight and developing horrific skin lesions on their faces, necks, backs, and chests.  This disease became known in the gay community as “gay cancer”.  It was particularly volatile, and it progressed rapidly.  Dugas caught it early, possibly with his first encounter in the New York gay bathhouse on Halloween 1980.

Dugas remained unrepentant.  He originally denied that whatever disease it was he had could be transmitted sexually.  His own words on the subject: “Of course I’m going to have sex.  Nobody’s proven to me that you can spread cancer.”  His depraved indifference to his sexual partners’ well-being was summarized with “It’s their duty to protect themselves.  They know what’s going on out there.  They’ve heard about this disease.”  The last element of his bitterness was voiced by his wish to take others with him: “I’ve got gay cancer.  I’m going to die and so are you.” 

In America, the results of further research led to the conclusion that Gaëtan Dugas had not been the true “Patient Zero” after all.

The music scene was fueled by this gay celebration, none more blatantly than by a vocal group of disco hustlers calling themselves “The Village People”.  They dressed in favorite and stereotypical gay icon costumes – a policeman, a construction worker, a cowboy, a gay biker, and a Native American.  They were hugely successful for a short time with big sellers “In the Navy” and “YMCA”.  More subtly, Donna Summer performed her brand of dance music that was embraced by the gay community as was she.

The direct lineage of HIV-1 was traced to two groups of mutations that formed in the primates that carried the simian version.  One of the groups was dated to between 1847 and 1907; another subgroup dated to between 1606 and 1871.  HIV-2 made the leap most likely between the date range of 1856 and 1922.  Thus, it can be seen some prototypical version of the AIDS virus can be dated to the early 17th century.

In the end one can see there is no modern-day “Patient Zero”.

From a front-line perspective

This doctor handled, and talked with (though reported as largely uncommunicative), Robert Rayford personally for a period during Rayford’s confinement, and also attended Rayford’s autopsy, confirming the KS diagnosis and noting the preservation of tissue samples that later were shown to carry the variant of the HIV-1 virus.

Less Than Zero

Gateway to the West

AIDS is what defined the decade of the 1980s, a decade that lived in fear beneath the penumbra of a certain and tortuous death from a highly communicable pathogen. many cases of AIDS have been autopsied that we didn’t even know had AIDS.”

Gaëtan Dugas was a French-Canadian born February 20, 1953.  His life was on a collision course with history.  In 1972, Dugas first became sexually active.  [He would later claim he had over 2,500 sexual partners in his lifetime, whether all male is unknown.  He may have been bisexual.] 

Gay and straight partiers alike finally found their Valhalla, however, in New York City in a crummy little club in the 1970s called Studio 54.  This rat hole was converted into a hot spot known all over the world.  Celebrities fell all over themselves to get in and be seen there.  Its allure was its faux air of exclusivity.  No club before or since carried the cachet of Studio 54.  Co-founded and owned by a cabaret-style, (almost a caricature) flamboyantly gay man, Steve Rubell, and a straight-laced heterosexual lawyer, this kitschy club defined hipsters in the Seventies. 

The disease it spawned was rechristened, in light of its indiscriminate virology, to Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome or AIDS.  That same year that 248 cases of the disease were reported, local health departments in conjunction with the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) in Atlanta began investigating.

Of the 248 cases known before the detection of the virus, interviewing led to the shocking revelation that at least 40 AIDS victims had one thing in common: all had either had sex with a certain male, blond, gregarious Air Canada flight attendant, or they had sex with someone who did.  This networking connection was made in 1984, and it was critical – it meant medical and public health officials investigating the source of AIDS might have finally gotten the breakthrough they needed. 

Finally, in 1968, the boy was admitted to St. .  

For one gay man, however, being a steward was all he’d needed to satisfy both his wanderlust and his physical lust. 

Grethe Rask was a Danish surgeon who had traveled to Zaire in 1972 to lend medical aid for the sick there.  She returned to Denmark in 1976 and became relentlessly ill.  Her symptoms confounded her colleagues.  She died in December 1977.  Several years later in 1984, it was confirmed through testing she was HIV-positive.  During her time in Zaire, it was known she was directly exposed to blood – it is believed this was the source of her infection.

Gay men realized the danger.  Many made the intuitive leap early that perhaps certain activities, such as anal intercourse, might be transmitting the causative agent.  Others flatly refused to believe that their lifestyles might be endangering the health of themselves and of others.  They felt it was a perceived backlash against gay men.  Higher-profile gay men (many closeted during their lifetimes) and activists within the gay community began dying as well as underground sub-culture members (the “Crisco, leather, and fisting” set).

Omega Man

There is an apocryphal story that Patient Zero was really Patient “O” (as in the 15th letter of the English alphabet, first letter of the word “Omega” for the last letter of the Greek alphabet, ?).  Furthermore, it was alleged that a journalist misinterpreted the “O” (for “?”), and instead wrote up his report, referring to the AIDS’ source as “Patient 0″ ["zero"] instead.

Good investigative work requires dogged determination.  Running an enigma to ground can take years. 

Running Dugas to ground, however, was pointless.  At the time, there were no criminal laws penalizing the willful spread of a known fatal disease (since then, law changes allow charges of attempted and pre-meditated murder to be brought in many states against anyone who is HIV-positive purposefully engaging in unprotected sexual intercourse with an unwitting partner).

His first months in the hospital were spent with his doctors cutting back on his water and salt intake, and they wrapped and raised his legs, all to cut down on his tissue’s swelling.  Despite this, the inflammation moved up his body and into his lungs.  Antibiotics were tried in varying dosages, but Rayford’s condition continued to deteriorate. 

Thus, by the late 1940s male flight attendants were not only undesirable, they were suspect as well.  Occupying a job with women that devoted itself to customer service, good manners, and fine grooming, the stewards garnered suspicions of being “queer”.

As early as his 13th year or sooner, he was sexually active.  Beginning in 1966, he started having some physical problems that seemed chronic.  His legs swelled, and he developed sores on his genitals and body. 

On October 31, 1980 – ominously enough, Halloween night – the French-Canadian gay male steward Gaëtan Dugas visited a gay bathhouse for the first time on a layover in New York City.

Homophobia was so great by the late 1950s almost no airlines in the United States would hire men as flight attendants – even Eastern and Pan Am stopped hiring stewards.  Stewardesses, however, were very desirable.  They were marketed as young, beautiful, and sexually available–this was hardly an acceptable career choice for any he-man.  In the same way that the sexual orientation of male nurses was suspect, only “pansies” wanted to be stewards.

There is an interesting correlation between homosexuality and the airline industry.  At least, there is a publicly perceived correlation as it pertains to airline flight attendants.

In conjunction with Studio 54, other bars for gay men to frequent thrived.  Another meeting place was the bath houses still found in many larger cities.  Once serving the utilitarian function for neighborhood residents to bathe (considering most homes up until the late 1920s did not have indoor plumbing) these quaint reminders of The Good Old Days were social gathering places for gay men.  They were prevalent in New York City and in San Francisco.  [Bette Midler, a great favorite among gay men, got her start singing in gay bath houses; her piano player in those days was songwriter/musician Barry Manilow).

Without a precise diagnosis, Rayford’s cause of death was attributed to the catch-all vagary “loss of vitality”.  Intractable fluid imbalance and lung disease were listed as contributors.  An autopsy revealed a surprise – his body carried a very rare cancer called Kaposi’s sarcoma internally (though he had but one external lesion on his right thigh).  [Today, this cancer and its lesions are bellwethers of AIDS.] 

This good person also kindly corrected some of the misinformation about Rayford via a personal e-mail and was also kind enough to forward professional papers on the subject.  One such paper, in Lymphology from 1973, gives, perhaps, the best clinical synopsis of the case.  Another article, entitled Documentation of an AIDS Virus Infection in the United States in 1968 (by the same doctor and others), is also a “must read” for anyone interested in the earlier origins of AIDS in America. 

Certainly it was not Gaëtan Dugas (though, like Typhoid Mary over half a century before him, many deaths could be placed squarely on his doorstep). 

The very first air flight attendants (in the 1920s) were men.  These positions were desirable; the men who did these jobs executed their duties more like up-scale, futuristic train porters and ship stewards than as menials.  As with many professions in that era (especially in service jobs such as telephone operators, bank tellers, et al) the sky porters known as “stewards” were exclusively male.  World War I saw the shift from male to female telephone operators and bank tellers; with a dearth of male workers during World War II, employers turned to the fairer sex to fill their employment needs in the airline industry, too. 

Dugas may have personally, and directly, been responsible for dozens of AIDS cases (and no telling how many more indirectly), but he did not bring AIDS to the US, nor was he the first confirmed AIDS victim.  As noted, several California men and some Haitian immigrants were found later to have succumbed to the disease before Dugas.

In 1979, before Dugas was infected, a bisexual German concert violinist, Herbert Heinrich, died.  In 1989, after testing of medical samples from his body, it was learned he was HIV-positive. 

Current scientific research is clear: sometime in the 1930s, a simian form of immunodeficiency virus mutated sufficiently and made the leap across species to become a contagious disease of people. 

The hedonism of the 1970s raged unchecked, and by the middle of the decade “gay” culture became pop culture.  Gay male partiers in the mid 1970s found an outlet on New York’s Fire Island.  Gay men rented time-share space in houses on the island and partied their summers away “in season”. 

Of a most enlightening nature was Rayford’s adamant refusal of any rectal exams.  It seemed that he may have been exposed to homosexual activity (assuming the submissive role in anal intercourse).  One of his attending physicians believed that he had been a victim of sexual abuse (a very likely scenario considering Rayford’s socio-economic background).  He could also have been “pimped out” against his will by someone who procured males to engage with him.  To date, this aspect of his life is unclear.

The End of Days was seemingly at hand.

Instead, about the only thing that can be said of HIV is that its “Ground Zero” location was almost certainly Central Africa.  

He started out as a hairdresser.  Wanting to travel, this French-speaking Canadian learned that flight attendants for Air Canada had to be bi-lingual.  He moved to Vancouver and learned English to qualify for the job.  He found work as a flight attendant on Air Canada.  This career choice allowed him the freedom to move around the world, visiting exotic locales, and meeting many strange men for anonymous sexual encounters.  In 1977, he was legally married in Los Angeles, California, in an illegal attempt to gain United States citizenship.. Memory Elvin Lewis

Dr. 1952-1953).

First denying he was sick, he later willfully and maliciously spread the disease to unsuspecting partners.  After having casual sex in a darkened room once, a male interviewee later reported he had turned on a light in the room where Dugas lay naked on a bed.  This man spotted the lesions (Kaposi’s sarcoma) that were the classic earmarks of “gay cancer” on Dugas’ chest.  When he remarked upon it, Dugas replied sardonically, “It’s gay cancer.  Maybe you’ll get it.”

Air Canada

But, it doesn’t end there. 

One such mystery concerned the AIDS epidemic in America.  As long as the killer remained comfortably within the gay community not much was done to investigate.  As soon as AIDS found its way into the heterosexual population, though, suddenly America’s interest in ferreting out the cause was paramount.  Panic stricken virologists and other epidemiologists worked feverishly to isolate the source of this sexually transmitted disease first endemic among homosexual men. 

The music was disco, the dance beat adapted from gay men and their party scene.  The mock S&M dance moves, the sweaty bodies, the throb of the music, the drugs consumed, and the fact that not just anyone could get in heightened its allure.

Diverting conversations occurred between Rayford and his primary care givers when questioned about his sexual activities.  His doctors had not considered homosexuality initially, and all conversations, such as they were, seemed to be taken as referring to female sexual contacts.

Occasionally, medical mysteries initially thought solved are found later to have very different truths at their cores.

The Greek letter “?” always refers to the end of an event or series, not its beginning.  Dugas was “Patient Zero”, not “Patient ?” – if the intent was to use such a Greek designation, he would have been named “Patient Alpha” (“?” or “?”)  for “the beginning”.  It is known that Dugas from the earliest investigations, based on diagrams the CDC (and others) created interlinking sexual contacts among those diagnosed with or dead from the mystery disease, was referred to from the start as Patient Zero (not Omega or “O”).

The airline industry developed glamour.  The titillation of a sexy stewardess in uniform, pandering to any business traveler’s ego, was priceless.  These were women without boundaries, women who went anywhere, anytime.  Therefore, they must be promiscuous.  The unspoken possibility of sex with a globe-trotting gal was also alluring.  Married women were aggressively discouraged from working as stewardesses.  The single women, all within a certain preferred range of body type, height, and attractiveness, were wanton women (in the minds of the average male of the day).  Although morbid obesity was not the problem in the 1940s it is today, there were no “big girls” on board.

This makes little sense. 

In 1976, a Norwegian sailor, designated with the alias “Arvid Noe”, died; his wife and nine-year-old daughter died the next year of the same wasting disease.  In 1961, the 15-year-old Noe had sailed on his first voyage to Africa.  He worked a merchant vessel that plied along Africa’s west coast from mid-1961 to mid-1962; during this voyage he was treated for gonorrhea.  He sailed again to Africa in 1964, with a port of call in Kenya in eastern Africa.  In 1966, Noe started suffering from chronic joint pain and recurrent lung infections.  By 1968, he could no longer pass a physical to sail, so he worked as a long-haul truck driver. 

AIDS in the United States was isolated in pockets of contagion until the promiscuity (homosexual or otherwise) of the 1970s gave the disease a clear path of propagation in humans.  IV drug use, on the rise in the 1970s and early 1980s, also provided another avenue of blood-exchange necessary for the virus to thrive. 

The teen seemed stabilized by late 1968 (when he was around 15 years old).  He had been transferred to Deaconess Hospital by then, and in March 1969, however, all of his symptoms reappeared and rapidly worsened.  His breathing labored; his white blood cell count (as part of routine blood work) was noted to have dropped dramatically.  The only thing concurred at the time was that Rayford’s immune system had been somehow compromised.  He developed a fever and died either in the late hours of May 15, 1969, or the early hours of May 16 (sources differ).  His primary physician recalled, “Eventually his entire body constituted almost one wave of hard lumps and watery swellings.”

Dr. Somewhere, there was a Patient Zero, the epidemiological well-spring from which this plague spewed forth.

This virus, after much international wrangling for recognition of discovery (with a particularly aggressive and bombastic US virologist lobbying for a claim that he had found it first–he did not) was later named Human Immunodeficiency Virus or HIV. 

Meanwhile, as a symbolic sign of the coming Armageddon, Studio 54 was forced to close its doors for liquor license violations and tax evasion; entrepreneurs Steve Rubell and his business partner were sentenced to short terms of imprisonment.  [Rubell later died of AIDS.]

He was admitted with multiple, and strange, symptoms (given his tender age)

Can Top Indian Casinos compare to Las Vegas Casinos? by David Cook

The Showcase Theatre features great shows and concerts. 1) Barona Valley Ranch Resort and Casino

4) Pala Casino

In addition to great gaming, dining and entertainment, Sycuan Resort offers 54 holes of Southern California’s best golf, championship tennis courts, great overnight accommodations and a relaxing atmosphere to enjoy cocktails and fine dining. A-list performers scheduled regularly in the 1,200- seat Pechanga Theater . A new 21-story hotel tower adds to the resort feel and recently was voted as having the Best Rooms, Best Suites, Best Hotel Service and more in 2005 by Casino Player magazine.

As one of the country’s newest resort destinations, Pechanga Resort & Casino, an AAA four-diamond property, offers the best of hotel luxury, Vegas style gaming, entertainment, meeting facilities and seven fine dining choices. Beyond its top notch gaming, Viejas Entertainment puts on high caliber concerts and the Viejas Outlet shopping center is known for it’s upscale outlet shopping. Pala routinely attracts big name entertainment concerts as well.

6) Sycuan Resort and Casino

3) Harrah’s Rincon Casino

Here’s a quick snapshot of 6 Top Indian Casinos in San Diego:

2) Viejas Casino

Indian Casinos all around the country are shattering the notion that Indian Casinos are a less than par alternative when compared to their Las Vegas counterparts.

You definitely won’t be let down by any of the Top 6 San Diego Indian Casinos.

Viejas is a well-established and popular Indian casino.

If you are getting the itch to visit Vegas but don’t want to make the trek, you might not have to look much further than your local Indian Casino. Amenities include a luxurious spa and a state-of-the-art fitness center.

Barona offers visitors Vegas style gaming action, combined with unique dining experiences, a luxurious hotel, and world-class golf. The casino also caters to the trend setting crowd with their new V Lounge bar.

With literally hundreds of Indian Casinos spread out across the United States, to give you an idea of the level of quality gaming emerging on reservations countrywide, let’s focus in on a few of the top Indian Casinos leading the way.

5) Pechanga Resort and Casino

Harrah’s Rincon Casino follows in the footsteps of the Harrah’s gaming brand. This spectacular highly acclaimed ranch-themed resort and casino has earned various awards for its casino and games, as well as for its restaurants and golf club.

However, just like in Sin City itself, the quality of Indian Casinos varies dramatically.

You might be surprised…

A good place to start is from an area often considered the Indian Casino capital of California and the location of an extremely competitive Indian Casino market, San Diego, California.

Pala Casino offers award winning gaming, has eight restaurants, a 10,000 square foot day spa, a four-diamond resort with 507 deluxe hotel rooms, including 82 suites, four entertainment venues and an Olympic size pool with 12 cabanas. Harrah’s Rincon routinely attracts famous acts to it’s entertainment complex

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Top 10 Reasons For Visiting A Casino

Many people decided to venture down to the casino because they were feeling bored and did not know where else to go, or what else to do on a Friday or Saturday night.

Copyright © 2005. This is another very common reason for visiting a casino. A few people attended the casino to watch and learn how to play some of the casino games.

Reason 6: Boredom. Someone decided to visit the casino and bring their partner, relative, friend or colleague along.

Reason 4: To socialize. Whether it’s to see a comedy, magic, singing or dancing show, entertainment is a major factor when it comes to drawing casino visitors.

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Over the course of a few weeks, I conducted a very brief survey, asking randomly chosen casino visitors one simple question. Not suprisingly, this was the main reason as you can probably guess by looking around the game tables and slot machines.

Reason 8: To learn how to play the games.

Reason 10: There was no solid reason 10, but a collection of funny, strange and weird answers such as “I needed to use the bathroom” and “Someone owes me money”.

So as you can see, people don’t just visit casinos in order to gamble, but for a variety of interesting reasons.

Reason 3: Entertainment. Catching up with friends and socializing was another very common reason for visiting a casino.

. Be it the couple who decided to meet at the casino on a date or the single man or woman who is hoping to meet someone interesting, casinos are apparently great venues for meeting interesting new people.

Reason 7: Someone brought me here. This is not a reason that you’d expect to come up too frequently in people’s minds, but it is nevertheless true. Written by casinoguide.ws and popularcasinos.net This document may be freely redistributed in its unedited form and on the condition that all copyright references are kept intact.

By: Adel Awwad

Reason 5: Employment. Many people go to a casino because they work there, be it as a dealer, showgirl or a waitress.

Reason 2: To eat and drink. The question was, “Why did you visit this casino today?” Besides receiving an odd look every now and then, I managed to get a range of different reasons why people visit casinos.

Reason 1: To gamble. While some singles and couples attended the casino to enjoy a few drinks at the bar, others were more interested in dining out at the casino restaurant.

Reason 9: Romance

PGA golf betting odds for players to win the 2016 Dean & DeLuca Invitational

Zach Johnson – 22 to 1

Adam Scott finished tied for 12th at the Players two weeks ago in his last start. After missing the cut in his two previous starts, Jimmy Walker tied for 24th last week. Matt Kuchar has not won a PGA Tour event in over two years now and he should be higher odds to win this week.

T-13. Marc Leishman has one career win in 188 starts. Players like Phil Mickelson, Lee Trevino and Zach Johnson are tied for the second most wins with two each.

Good luck to all the PGA golfers and especially the bettors this week at the 2016 Dean & DeLuca Invitational at Colonial in Fort Worth, Texas!

T-19. He has three PGA Tour wins but his last win was in 2010.

At age 29, Kevin Chappell is still looking for his first PGA Tour win. Jim Furyk has one win on tour since 2010 and he’s making just his third start back after wrist surgery. Brandt Snedeker has missed the cut in his last two starts and in three of his last four tournaments but he did tie for 2nd place here last year just one stroke off the lead.

Boo Weekley won this tournament in 2013. Scott won this tournament in 2014 beating Jason Dufner in a playoff. He won the Puerto Rico Open for his first career win at the end of March. Jordan Spieth – 6 to 1

T-7. Kirk missed the cut in his last start at the Players. Ryan Palmer missed the cut last week. Danny Lee has one win on tour and he finished tied for 18th last week. Matt Kuchar – 14 to 1

Kevin Na has one career win in 314 starts. Adam Scott – 11 to 1

Bill Haas tied for 43rd place last week. Bill Haas, Ryan Palmer – 45 to 1 odds each

3. Kevin Chappell – 28 to 1

Listed below are the betting odds and comments for each player who has odds of 50 to 1 or less to win this week. Then a few notable golfers with much higher odds are listed along with comments why.

At odds of 6 to 1, Jordan Spieth is the betting favorite this week to win the 2016 Dean & DeLuca Invitational. Toms has 13 career PGA Tour wins including a major but he’s not won a tournament since 2011.

Boo Weekley – 80 to 1 odds

T-17. Charley Hoffman – 25 to 1

Chris Kirk is the defending champion in this tournament but that was the last of his four PGA Tour wins. That was the last of his three PGA Tour wins.

David Toms won this tournament in 2011. Kevin Na, Louis Oosthuizen, Patrick Reed, Jim Furyk – 33 to 1 odds each

The 2016 Dean & DeLuca golf tournament on the PGA Tour is taking place this week from May 26-29, 2016, at the Colonial Country Club located in Fort Worth, Texas. In his last four tournaments he’s failed to crack the top 25 and he finished last week tied for 66th. Tony Finau tied for 12th last week. Chappell also finished alone in 2nd place at the RSM Classic and the Arnold Palmer this season so he’s been close to winning but he’s still a maiden on tour.. He’s a mild threat here to get his 6th PGA win here. On top of that, Bohn suffered a heart attack during the Honda Classic back in February. Patton Kizzire is 30 and still looking for his first PGA Tour win.

6. Patrick Reed has finished alone in 2nd place three times this season but has not won a tournament since January of 2015. Zach Johnson does have two wins in this tournament (2010, 2012).

The Dean & DeLcua Invitational dates back to 1946. Jimmy Walker, Brandt Sendeker, Danny Lee, Jason Dufner – 40 to 1 odds each

5. Louis Oosthuizen’s lone PGA win remains the 2010 British Open and he missed the cut last week.

Colt Knost is 30 and he’s yet to win on tour but he tied for 3rd at the Players and was 4th last week in his last two starts. Colt Knost, Tony Finau, Marc Leishman, Kevin Kisner, Patton Kizzire – 50 to 1 odds each

1. Jordan Spieth was in position to win last week at the Byron Nelson playing with Brooks Koepka in the final pairing Sunday just two strokes back but Spieth shot a 74 and ended up tied for 18th place. Don’t be fooled, though, as Kuchar also finished 3rd at the Players but that is not winning. But Jason Bohn did finish tied for 2nd in this tournament last year just one stroke off the lead.

Other than a 5th place finish at the Arnold Palmer in March, Zach Johnson has not played well enough to win in 2016. He’s a big threat this week to win.

Notables

2. Charl Schwartzel tied for 58th place last week but that was his first tournament since he missed the cut at the Masters. While the meltdown is not a good sign, Jordan Spieth did miss the cut the week before at the Players in his first start since the Masters so he is rounding into form and he did tie for 2nd place in this tournament last year.

Jason Bohn only has two career wins and his last win was in 2010 and he’s missed the cut in his last three PGA Tour starts. Adam Scott has two wins in 2016 and 13 total wins on the PGA Tour. Here is a list of the betting odds for the PGA golfers to win the 2016 Dean & DeLuca Invitational.

4. Chris Kirk, Charl Schwartzel – 35 to 1 odds each

Jason Bohn – 100 to 1 odds

Jason Dufner has a win in 2016 and he’s finished second in this tournament twice in the past (2012, 2014). At age 32, Kevin Kisner has one career win and he missed the cut in his last two starts. Ben Hogan holds the record for most wins in the tournament with five. Could he win again this year? Maybe, but who wants to bet on it?

Matt Kuchar shot -14 under last week to finish alone in 3rd place at the Byron Nelson. Nuff said. Schwartzel won the Valspar Championship in March and he could play well this week.

T-11. Chappell is lower odds here because he finished alone in 2nd place at the Players in his last start.

Since winning the Texas Open for his 4th PGA Tour win on April 21st, Charley Hoffman finished 11th at the Zurich Classic, missed the cut at the Players and finished tied for 12th last week at the Byron Nelson. Haas has six PGA Tour wins and he was second at the Valspar in March so he’s a mild threat to win this week

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